我国将发射太空望远镜来监测银河系:火博体育网站

发布时间:2021-08-22    浏览:

本文摘要:Many black holes and neutron stars are thought to be hidden in the Milky Way. Since they dont emit visible light, or are covered by dust, only X-ray telescopes can find them.很多黑洞和中子星被强调隐敝在太阳系中,因为他们没法接到红外感应,或者隐敝在浮尘后边,仅有根据X射线太空望远镜才可以观察到。

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Many black holes and neutron stars are thought to be hidden in the Milky Way. Since they dont emit visible light, or are covered by dust, only X-ray telescopes can find them.很多黑洞和中子星被强调隐敝在太阳系中,因为他们没法接到红外感应,或者隐敝在浮尘后边,仅有根据X射线太空望远镜才可以观察到。China will soon launch its first X-ray space telescope, the Hard X-ray Modulation Telescope (HXMT), with the aim of surveying the Milky Way to observe celestial sources of X-rays.我国快速将起飞其第一颗X射线太空望远镜--软X射线调配望眼镜,以仔细观察太阳系进而检测星体的X射线源。Our space telescope has unique capabilities to observe high-energy celestial bodies such as black holes and neutron stars. We hope to use it to resolve mysteries such as the evolution of black holes and the strong magnetic fields of neutron stars, says Zhang Shuangnan, lead scientist of HXMT and director of the Key Laboratory of Particle Astrophysics at the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS).中科院颗粒天体物理试验室的责任人、HXMT的首席科学家张双南答复:“大家的太空望远镜有特有的工作能力来仔细观察如黑洞和中子星等较高能星体,大家期待用它来解决困难例如黑洞的演变和中子星的磁场等难题。”We are looking forward to discovering new activities of black holes and studying the state of neutron stars under extreme gravity and density conditions, and the physical laws under extreme magnetic fields. These studies are expected to bring new breakthroughs in physics, says Zhang.张双南说:“大家期待着在极端化作用力和相对密度标准下寻找黑洞的新主题活动、科学研究中子星的情况,及其在极端化电磁场下的物理定律。

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这种科学研究将来可能为物理带来新的提升。”Compared with X-ray astronomical satellites of other countries, HXMT has larger detection area, broader energy range and wider field of view.与其他国家的x射线天文学通讯卫星相比,HXMT具有更高的观察总面积、更为广泛的动能范畴和更为广阔的视线。These give it advantages in observing black holes and neutron stars emitting bright X-rays, and it can more efficiently scan the galaxy, Zhang says.张双南称作,这促使它在仔细观察黑洞和中子星起飞出带的x射线层面更为有优点,并且它能更为合理地扫瞄星球。

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